A tool for maintaining the health and safety of our forests, communities, and wildlife.

What is Prescribed Fire?

Prescribed fire is the planned and controlled application of fire to a specific land area and is one of the most ecologically appropriate and relatively efficient means for achieving a variety of land management objectives.

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Why Prescribed Fire?

Fire is a natural, normal process in many ecosystems and is necessary to maintain a healthy forest and a diversity of plant and animal life.

However, a history of aggressive and highly effective wildfire suppression in the Province has resulted in a significant build-up of forest fuels; greater tree encroachment on grasslands; and, ‘in-filling’ of once open, dry forests. Aggressive fire suppression has both increased the risk of devastating wildfires and negatively impacted biodiversity and forest health.

A reduction in risk

Prescribed fire is a land management tool that can bring back balance to our forests and reduce the risks of wildfire to our communities.

Prescribed fire is the planned and controlled application of fire to a specific land area and is one of the most ecologically appropriate means for achieving a variety of land management objectives; examples of which include cultural burning for First Nation’s values, wildfire risk reduction for protection of communities and critical infrastructure, ecosystem restoration, silviculture objectives such as site preparation and habitat objectives.

Rooted in history

Indigenous communities have in many ways been leading wildland fire mitigation and prevention in Canada since time immemorial.

Fire is sacred

Over the ages, cultural burning on the homelands shaped the lives of humans, plants, animals, and Mother Earth herself. Through repeated burning practices, the Indigenous Peoples of the land were able to shape their own environment to their own specific needs.

Indigenous communities have various current and emerging fire stewardship practices in support of cultural revitalization, resilience and pride, and (emergency) preparedness.

Planning a prescribed burn?

A Burn Plan is required for any resource management open fire as per section 23 of the Wildfire Regulation.

Prescribed fires are managed to meet objectives identified within a site plan or prescription. They are implemented in accordance with an approved burn plan to limit the negative impacts to surrounding values.

Education

What is Ecosystem Restoration?

Ecosystem Restoration is an intentional activity that initiatives or accelerates the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded or destroyed. Prescribed Fire is one means of achieving Ecosystem Restoration.